DIY Technical Design Section 8: Reviewing Your First Prototype
REVIEWING THE SAMPLE: 3 PRINCIPLES
You’ve just received your first prototype back from the factory. Now you can get started on reviewing your sample in order to create an amazing end product. There are three main elements that you will be evaluating to prepare comments for your next sample.
1. Design: The overall creative design of your garment/accessory. How the sample aesthetically reflects your original design.
2. Fit / Function: The fit and performance of the garment/accessory as intended.
3. Construction: How the construction adds to the overall design and function of the garment/accessory.
To answer these questions, there are 5 simple steps you can follow to review your sample and prepare comments for your factory.
To review your sample you will need:
· Prototype Sample
· Tech Pack
· Hard Edge Ruler
· Tape Measure
· Pen / Pencil
Check out the video for a visual tutorial!
REVIEWING THE SAMPLE: 5 STEPS
STEP 1: MEASURE YOUR GARMENT
Before fitting your garment, you will need to measure it against your specs. It’s important to measure your garment first before fitting it because fitting your garment can stretch the fabric. It’s best to evaluate the garment exactly as the factory delivered it to you.
Lay your garment flat on a large table and smooth out any wrinkles without stretching the garment. Use your hard edge ruler and tape measure to compare your POM’s to the actual sample measurements, following your Measurement Guide. Repeat these same steps for the back of the garment.
After you’ve measured your prototype, highlight the specs that are above or below tolerance. Make a note of what fit issues you expect to see based on the measurements out of tolerance.
As a general rule of thumb, it’s a good idea to request that the factory check the specs before sending the prototype. In most instances, it can be helpful to have them send along a pattern as well. Having these additional resources allows you to compare your measurements to the factory’s so you can see areas where they may be following a different method. If they measure it before sending and notice specs that are out of tolerance they can fix the garment before sending it to you, saving you time and money. You and your factory should both be following the same measurement process to ensure both parties are comparing the same POM’s. This is usually achieved by having a master measurement guide that is shared with your factory. Having the pattern can help you determine if fit or measurement issues are due to the pattern or construction.
STEP 2: CHECK CONSTRUCTION
Some helpful questions to answer are:
· What’s different from the Tech Pack?
· Do you like how the factory constructed the garment (even if it is different than what you intended)?
· Are there any things that you would change or improve?
Make note of any revisions you’d like to see and update your Technical Sketches to reflect those changes. Double check common problem areas like the pockets for holes, buttons and snaps for security, and look at the stitching closely.
STEP 3: FIT
Next, put the garment on a form which reflects your base size. Begin evaluating the fit by looking for drag lines and stress points. Ensure that the garment is laying correctly on the form before you begin making fit changes. If you need to check the movement or function of the garment you can fit it on a model who closely compares to your base size.
Some helpful questions to answer are:
· How could the fit be improved?
· Does the fit of the garment reflect your design intent?
After you’ve completed evaluating the fit, take photos to include with the comments that you will send back to the factory. It can be helpful to draw on the photos with arrows and text when referencing specific problem areas.
! SPOILER !
I won’t be going in to too much detail about fit, determining fit issues, and creating a great fit because that is an entire series all in itself! My next series will be all about grading, pattern making, and fitting. You can expect to see it launch one early 2020!
STEP 4: WRITE COMMENTS
It’s important to be organized and consistent when writing comments. In most cases, language and cultural barriers will play a factor in communication, so the clearer you can be, the better. If your Points of Measure are numbered, reference those numbers in the comments. If your factory has sent comments with the prototype, address them. Create a consistent format for your comments so that your factory knows where to look for information.
It’s a delicate balance being clear and being kind. Sometimes it may feel like your comments are too blunt but adding too much “fluff” in your writing will be confusing. Be clear, concise, and use words like “please” and “thank you” where appropriate.
Take the notes you made while reviewing your sample and add them to your Tech Pack on your Prototype Review page. You may not need every section below, but always address the three main elements we talked about earlier, Design, Fit/Function, and Construction.
Here’s an easy format to follow for your comments:
Prototype #, Date, Style #, Name of the Factory (especially if you are dual sourcing)
“P1, 5/9/18, #OG208, Harvest”
A small instructional blurb to let the factory know what any abbreviations or highlighted measures mean.
“Measurements in red represent measurements out of tolerance and revised measures.
Cells highlighted in blue represent over ¼” difference between factory and [Company/Brand Name] measures.
BTS = Back to Spec”
Add any comments about design changes here.
“Please add zipper garages at the top of the hand pockets. The sketch has been updated to reflect it.”
Comment on any measurements that need to change or be brought back in to tolerance referencing the POM code.
“#002 CB Length is adopted as sampled.
#145 Back Neck Drop is out of tolerance. Bring back to spec.”
Add any comments about construction, such as stitch or seam changes or callouts.
“Please correct the bottom CF zipper to be bartacked.
Clean the back yoke seam with binding.”
Add any comments about pattern updates here. If you are sending a pattern to the factory, include the tracking number in your comments.
“Please correct the shape of the armhole. See P1 photos tab. A pattern has been sent with the correction, tracking #125849”
Finally, finish up with a call to action statement. Is the prototype approved? Are you asking for another sample? Let the factory know.
“Please send 2ndProto making all revisions above. Factory must submit pattern without seam allowance or ease and full garment measurements. Thank you.”
STEP 5: SEND
Once you’ve completed your comments you’re ready to send your Tech Pack back to the factory for next steps. Don’t forget to double check you’ve included photos, updated sketches, comments, and tracking numbers if you sent anything to the factory.
Creating a consistent sample review process with your factory can be daunting at first, but over time both you and your factory will get used to a standard format. Consistency will keep you sane and help you to develop a positive, lasting relationship with your factory.
Once you’ve secured a reliable factory, request a First Prototype*. The factory will use your Tech Pack to create a sample of your product. After the Prototype is complete, they will send it to you to review. If they needed to make any changes to the design while making it, they should let you know. Be sure to carefully compare the Prototype to the Tech Pack and make any updates necessary. If you are developing a sized garment, fit your sample on a form which reflects your Sample Size from your Size Chart. If you need to further evaluate the fit and function, you can perform a Wear Test*.
Send the updated Tech Pack and review comments to your factory, requesting a Second Prototype if you need it. Continue this process until you are happy with the outcome. Typically 1-3 Prototypes is sufficient. Approve the Prototype and finalize the Tech Pack.
I like to wait until the final sample is approved to finalize my grade. I do this because I want the factory to only see my base size specs and to not be focused on my grade during the prototype process. Once I’m ready to finalize the Tech Pack, I move the final sample measures into my base size column on my Graded Size Spec and the grade is automatically calculated from my POM page. I can then make any small grade adjustments and finalize my specs to request a Size Set.
If you are creating a sized garment, you will request a Size Set* after the Sample Size has been approved. Samples are made off of the production line in a separate sample room. Therefore, you will need to request a PP* and TOP* to confirm the design is correct. Approving these last two samples will finalize the design.
Your samples are approved and you’re ready for production! Double check that everything is correct one last time, because you won’t be able to make any changes once the production starts. If you do need to make a change, it will be very costly. Your factory will give you the target date for the order to ship. Once you receive it, you’re ready to sell!
Some other things to consider:
Factor in customs, duties, taxes, and tariffs for offshore manufacturing.
Tags, labels, and logos can be added by your factory. Be sure to do your research and confirm you are including everything that you need to, legally, on your label.
Factor in how your products will be shipped to you versus how you will sell them. Do they need any extra protection when they are shipped to you from the factory?
If you are creating children’s products, there are many laws and rules to follow. Do your research!
Any terms above with an asterisk are defined here for you.
Prototype = An initial physical sample produced in a sample room to perfect the fit and construction of the product.
Wear Test = A Wear Test is simply wearing the garment over a short period of time to see how it feels on body. This is typically done towards the end of development, just to double check that nothing feels out of place while the garment is worn.
Size Set = A set of the product in each size it will be produced in. Allows the development team to evaluate the grade between sizes.
PP = A Pre-Production sample is the last fully correct sample before production begins.
TOP = A Top of Production sample is the first sample off the assembly line, to confirm that the production line and team are constructing the garment correctly.
Thanks for following along! Up next is Section 9 and it will focus on prints, graphics, and art. Section 9 launches on Thursday, 8/22/19.